Blood is an intrinsic requirement for health care and proper functioning of the health system. NACO (National AIDS Control Organization) has been primarily responsible for ensuring provision of safe blood for the country since 1992. NACO supports a network of 1131 blood banks across the country in over 600 districts and strives to achieve accessibility to adequate quantity of safe, quality and affordable blood and blood components to the needy.
Government of India adopted the National Blood Policy in April 2002 which aims to develop a nationwide system to ensure easy access to adequate and safe and good quality blood supply. Supreme Court judgment of 1996 for CWP 91/1992 mandated creating of National Blood Transfusion Council and removal of professional blood donation. National Blood Transfusion Council (NBTC), the apex policy making body for issues pertaining to blood and plasma is a part of National AIDS Control Organization.
Accordingly, through all phases of the National AIDS Control Programme, a comprehensive, efficient and total quality management approach has been adopted towards strengthening Blood Banks and Blood Transfusion Services. NACO has taken number of steps towards the modernization of blood banks in the country by providing the critical inputs for ensuring provision of safe blood for the country. During this time HIV sero-reactivity among blood donors also declined to 0.14% in NACO supported Blood Banks. Availability of Blood has increased to 10.8 million blood units in 2015-16.
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